Xiaobo ZHAI, Stephen

Associate Professor
Programme Coordinator of Minor Programme in Law and Society

Telephone8822 4145
OfficeE32 – 2025
AddressFaculty of Law (FLL),
University of Macau, E32,

Avenida da Universidade, Taipa, Macau, China.
Office HoursTuesday 16h00~17h00
Wednesday 16h00~17h00

Academic Qualifications

  • PhDs Law, UCL and CASS
  • Master Law, PKU
  • Bachelor Law, ZZU

Teaching Area

  • Jurisprudence
  • Constitutional and Administrative Law
  • Chinese Law

Research Interests

  • Jurisprudence
  • Constitutional Law
  • Chinese Law
  • Theory of Punishment
  • Bentham Studies

Recent Major Publications in English

  1. Fu Hualing and Xiaobo Zhai, ‘What Makes the Chinese Constitution Socialist?’ International Journal of Constitutional Law (2018) 16(2), pp. 655–663.  What Makes the Chinese Constitution Socialist?
  2. Xiaobo Zhai, ‘Bentham on the Interpretation of Laws’, The Journal of Legal History, (2017) 38 (3), pp. 282–307.  Bentham on the Interpretation of Laws
  3. Xiaobo Zhai, ‘Bentham’s Exposition of Common Law’, Law and Philosophy, (2017) 36 (5), pp. 525–560.  Bentham’s Exposition of Common Law
  4. Xiaobo Zhai and Michael Quinn (eds), Bentham’s Theory of Law and Public Opinion, 2014, Cambridge University Press. Bentham’s Theory of Law and Public Opinion
  5. Xiaobo Zhai, ‘Bentham’s Natural Arrangement and the Collapse of Expositor-Censor Distinction in the General Theory of Law’, in Xiaobo Zhai, and Michael Quinn (eds.), Bentham’s Theory of Law and Public Opinion, 2014, pp. 143–183, Cambridge University Press.
  6. Xiaobo Zhai, ‘Bentham’s Command versus Hart’s Authoritative Reason’, in Guillaume Tusseau (ed), The legal Philosophy and Influence of Jeremy Bentham, 2014, pp. 170-195, Routledge Press. Bentham’s Command versus Hart’s Authoritative Reason
  7. Xiaobo Zhai: ‘Bentham’s Natural Arrangement Versus Hart’s Morally Neutral Description’, Revue d’Etudes Benthamiennes, 2012 (10), pp. 1–19. Bentham’s Natural Arrangement
  8. Xiaobo Zhai: ‘Legal Positivism: Emotivistic or Naturalistic?’ Philosophy and Public Issues–Filosofia e questioni pubbliche, 2011(1), pp. 31–39. Legal Positivism: Emotivistic or Naturalistic?